Framing the Islands of the Americas, which became the continents of the Americas, in the context of world history naturally brought forth Plato's Atlantis as possible stepping stone between the old and the new worlds. The account that follows is Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa's attempt at connecting the Americas to the lost Atlantean Civilization.
Written in Cuzco, the capital of the Inca Empire, just forty years after the arrival of the first Spaniards in the city, Sarmiento's The History of the Incas contains extremely detailed descriptions of Inca history and mythology.
Moray is an Incan ruin in Peru. There is an irrigation system in place and archaeologists are still not sure if it was meant to be a laboratory of sorts for agricultural experimentation or something else.
This short article provides a balanced overview of the religious systems of Mexico and Peru before the conquest. The view is rather sweeping but touches upon important points of universal archetypes and is balanced in its overall presentation.
Quipus were tied strings used widely in the Incan Empire. We know they were used for record keeping – counting people and livestock and potatoes – but it has long been speculated that the quipus might have been used for storing more complicated information.
The account that follows of the smelting of the silver idols into raw gold and silver is found in An Account of the Conquest of Peru written by Pedro Sancho, secretary to Pizarro and Scrivener to this Army.
The Incan Empire included modern-day Peru and Ecuador, and parts of Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. It was held together by a vast road system connecting the coastal regions to the many valleys the Incans controlled.
This overview of the festivals, the religious ethics, and the ideas of a future life of the Inca is a lecture given by Albert Reville, D.D., part of the Hibbert Lectures delivered at Oxford and London.
The overview of Inca society is presented in an introduction to an extraordinary journal, The travels of Pedro de Cieza de Léon, A.D. 1532-50, contained in the first part of his Chronicle of Peru authored by Pedro de Cieza de Leon.