Fig. 1 Poverty Point - Artifacts. Engraved plummet.
Poverty Point State Historic Site is a prehistoric earthworks of the Poverty Point culture, now a U.S. National Monument and World Heritage Site located in the Southern United States. A vast trade network emanating from Poverty Point drew the participation of dozens of communities in the central and lower Mississippi Valley. This trade generated a widespread distribution of artifacts made from a variety of imported materials, including shell, copper, and varieties of stone brought from considerable distances.
Occupied between about 1600 and 1100 B.C. by as many as five thousand people, the site has numerous earthworks including several artificial mounds and six sets of concentric earthen embankments.
The cause of the abandonment of the site is unknown.