Mound Builders: Bolivar County Settlement

The Americas north of the Rio Grande has sites that feature urban design whose origins are unknown. Most of these sites are lumped together as belonging to the Mound Builders culture. The various cultures collectively termed Mound Builders were inhabitants of North America who during a 5,000-year period constructed various styles of earthen mounds thought to be for religious and ceremonial purposes. The known sites that are attributed to this culture are widely dispersed in the Mississippi basin. The Bol­ivar county, Mis­sis­sip­pi mounds are a collection of pyramids within an enclosure, and other works.

The fascination with the site lies in its obvious disjunctive nature - at the time of contact with Europeans the native inhabitants of the lands did not live in settlements that respected strict geometry. The article that follows is from the Smithsonian.
— Orly

SMITHSONIAN CONTRIBUTIONS TO KNOWLEDGE. VOL. I.

ANCIENT MONUMENTS OF THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY.

ANCIENT WORKS AT BOLIVAR COUNTY, MISSISSIPPI

The works here re­pre­sent­ed are sit­uated in Bol­ivar county, Mis­sis­sip­pi, near Williams’s bayou in the Choc­taw bend, one mile and a half from the Mis­sis­sip­pi river. They consist of two trun­cated pyra­mi­dal struc­tures of the char­ac­ter al­ready des­cribed, accom­pan­ied by two small con­ical mounds, the whole sur­rounded by a circ­ular em­bank­ment of earth, without a ditch, two thou­sand three hun­dred feet in cir­cum­fer­ence, and four feet high. A gate­way opens into the en­clos­ure from the east. Mound A is one hundred and fifty feet square at the base, seventy-five feet square on top, and twenty feet high, with a graded ascent from the east. B is one hundred and thirty-five feet square at base, fifty feet at top, and fifteen feet high. The ascent in this instance is from the north. The two small conical mounds are about thirty feet in diameter, and five feet high. The sides of the pyramidal structures do not vary two degrees from the cardinal points of the compass; a feature not observed in any of the others above noticed. They all, however, appear to have been placed with some reference to these points,—probably as near as they could be located without instruments.

Pyramids, Bolivar County, Mississippi

Pyramids, Bolivar County, Mississippi

FINIS

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

Aztec: God on Earth

Aztec: Mexico before the Spanish Invasion