The Dresden Codex is named after the city where it is kept, namely Dresden, Germany. It is a manuscript thought to be the oldest from pre-contact Americas, possibly produced at the beginning of the 13th century. It is believed to be a copy of an original text that was composed between about 700 to 900 CE, hence the conclusion that it may possibly be the oldest known book from the Americas. The surviving copy may have been one of a number of pre-Columbian works sent to Europe by Hernán Cortés in 1519.
Composed of seventy-four fig bark pages, sewn together to produce an eleven foot document, it originally contained two protective wooden covers bearing engraved jaguar motifs. It is one of the few surviving Maya manuscripts, and is interpreted as a comprehensive source of Maya calendar information and is a Rosetta stone of sorts for the Maya glyph writing system.
Documentos de Tierras de Chicxulub, 1542. A history of the town and of the conquest of the country, written by Nakuk Pech, about 1562; a survey of the town lands by several members of the Pech family, testified to Feb. 7, 1542; a partial list of the Spanish conquerors; a portion of an account by another member of the Pech family, and a further statement by Nakuk Pech. In all, a testament to post conquest thought.
We have now, with the year 1624, reached the close of the second phase of the Spanish conquest of the Maya-Itza stock. The first phase, an exploratory one, began with Cortes in 1524 and ended with Montejo in 1545 or thereabouts. The second phase, a proselytizing one, began with the year 1614, when the feigned submission of the Itzas took place, giving rise to the entrada of Fuensalida and Orbita. It came to a dose about 1624 as a result of the mournful events following upon the entrada of Delgado and the mercenary meddling of Mirones. The third and last phase, a commercial and military one, we shall consider in Chapter VIII. It had its inception about 1692.
Diego de Landa Calderón was a Spanish bishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Yucatán. He is known to be the first and one of the best chroniclers of pre-Columbian Maya civilization. Born on November 12, 1524, in Cifuentes de l’Alcarria, Guadalajara, Spain, he died on April 29, 1579, in Mérida (Yucatan), Mexico. As the second bishop of Merida he is both a central actor in the destruction of the Maya books and records, and the source of what is today known of their society at the time of the conquest.
While the exact purpose of the Mesoamerican Ballgame – entertainment or ritual – remains open to debate and interpretation, the supposed ritual side has strong evidence for death being the end game. The great ball-court at Chichen Itza makes this abundantly clear, as does other evidence.