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Dresden Codex

The Dresden Codex is named after the city where it is kept, namely Dresden, Germany.  It is a manuscript thought to be the oldest from pre-contact Americas, possibly produced at the beginning of the 13th century.  It is believed to be a copy of an original text that was composed between about 700 to 900 CE, hence the conclusion that it may possibly be the oldest known book from the Americas.  The surviving copy may have been one of a number of pre-Columbian works sent to Europe by Hernán Cortés in 1519.

Composed of seventy-four fig bark pages, sewn together to produce an eleven foot document, it originally contained two protective wooden covers bearing engraved jaguar motifs.  It is one of the few surviving Maya manuscripts, and is interpreted as a comprehensive source of Maya calendar information and is a Rosetta stone of sorts for the Maya glyph writing system.

Chronicle of Nakuk Pech

Documentos de Tierras de Chicxulub, 1542. A history of the town and of the conquest of the country, written by Nakuk Pech, about 1562; a survey of the town lands by several members of the Pech family, testified to Feb. 7, 1542; a partial list of the Spanish conquerors; a portion of an account by another member of the Pech family, and a further statement by Nakuk Pech.  In all, a testament to post conquest thought.

Entrada of Padre Fray Diego Delgado

We have now, with the year 1624, reached the close of the second phase of the Spanish conquest of the Maya-Itza stock. The first phase, an exploratory one, began with Cortes in 1524 and ended with Montejo in 1545 or thereabouts. The second phase, a proselytizing one, began with the year 1614, when the feigned submission of the Itzas took place, giving rise to the entrada of Fuensalida and Orbita. It came to a dose about 1624 as a result of the mournful events following upon the entrada of Delgado and the mercenary meddling of Mirones. The third and last phase, a commercial and military one, we shall consider in Chapter VIII. It had its inception about 1692.

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