Francisco López de Gómara (born Gomara, Soria Spain in 1511, died 1566 in Seville, Spain) was a Spanish historian who worked in Seville, particularly noted for his works in which he described the early 16th century expedition undertaken by Hernán Cortés in the Spanish conquest of the New World, a […]
The Tlaxcalans were surrounded by the Aztecs and could have been conquered by them at any time. It is thought that there were never because the Aztec wanted to have a population to capture for their sacrifices within a short march of Tenochtitlan. Given this unfortunate geography, it is not surprising that they became key allies of the Spanish in their defeat of the Aztec confederacy.
The account of the Spanish encounter with the Tlaxcalans is chronicled by Bernal Diaz del Castillo, one of the few eye witness accounts of the events that have come down to us.
The people of Tlaxcala, “Place of Maize Cakes,” were a rival tribe to the Aztecs. They, too, had been nomadic Chichimecs. Their god of war, Camaxtli, here shown wearing a human skin and a conical hat like the Aztec god, Quetzalcóatl, had promised that they would rule the world.