Human sacrifice as appeasement of the Gods is a universal norm. The Aztec have the reputation of being more earnest than most in this practice. This particular article explores an aspect of this practice, that of the God or Goddess becoming flesh, and in flesh being sacrificed for a greater good.
Sir James George Frazer was a Scottish social anthropologist influential in the early stages of the modern studies of mythology and comparative religion. He is often considered one of the founding fathers of modern anthropology. His work, The Golden Bough: a Study of Magic and Religion has a chapter that explores the symbolic eating of the God, a practice central to the Christian faith. The Aztecs, to the surprise of the Spanish chroniclers, also had a similar ritual.
Tlaloc, Chac and Cocijo are all manifestations of the duality of Quetzalcoatl and the Rain God of Teotihuacan, of which the Rain God as central to life is paired with the feathered serpent, he who brings Knowledge. Sir James George Frazer was a Scottish social anthropologist influential in the early stages […]
James Lewis Thomas Chalmers Spence (25 November 1874 – 3 March 1955) was a Scottish journalist, poet, author, folklorist and occult scholar. He was a Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, and Vice-President of the Scottish Anthropological and Folklore Society. His interests included the study of Atlantis, Scottish folklore, and pre-Christian British mythology.
In The Myths of Mexico & Peru, Lewis Spence explored Aztec mythology and its Chroniclers. The Aztec had a form of writing that was anchored to memory, mnemonic in nature, but limited as it was, it suffered the devastation of the Spanish fire in the name of cultural genocide. Ironically, it is from these same Spaniards that our knowledge of Aztec theology comes from.
What follows is a brief overview of Aztec cosmology and how we have come to know these ideas in the context of the destruction of the Aztec records, and suppression of the Spanish witness.
This month is called Fall of fruit or Hueymiccaihuitl (Great feast of the dead) and was commemorated by a ceremonial pole-climbing competition. This month was dedicated to Xocotl, the Aztec god of fire and the stars (also called Otontecuhtli whose cult was especially developed among the Tepanec tribes). Teocuitlanacochtli are associated with worship of the god, Xipe Tótec.