This month is called Fall of fruit or Hueymiccaihuitl (Great feast of the dead) and was commemorated by a ceremonial pole-climbing competition. This month was dedicated to Xocotl, the Aztec god of fire and the stars (also called Otontecuhtli whose cult was especially developed among the Tepanec tribes). Teocuitlanacochtli are associated with worship of the god, Xipe Tótec.
This month, identified as that of Luke the Evangelist, is called Festival of the hills. This month was dedicated to Tlaloc, the god of rain, but the headdress of the head upon the mountain resembles that of Xochiquetzal (Flower feather), goddess of the earth, love, artists, pregnant women, and the moon who is sometimes named the wife of Tlaloc.
John Fiske (Born Edmund Fiske Green March 30, 1842 in Hartford, Connecticut, United States; Died July 4, 1901 (aged 59) in Gloucester, Massachusetts, United States) was an American philosopher and historian. In his work The Discovery of America, he explores the notion of polity in Mexica (Aztec) society, and tries to correct inappropriate European characterizations of native social organization, particularly as it related to kingship, decision making, and authority over the citizenry. His insights are a useful reminder that the Aztec Confederacy was at once draconian and collaborative, a mixture not easy to understand from the Spanish perspective.
Amátl is a type of bark paper that has been manufactured in Mexico since pre-contact times. It was used primarily to create codices, being extensively produced and used for both communication, record keeping, and ritual during the heyday of the Triple Alliance (the Aztec Confederacy). The Codex Borbonicus is a rare surviving Codex produced on this medium.
Albert Réville (4 November 1826, Dieppe, Seine-Maritime – 25 October 1906) was a distinguished French Protestant theologian. He was a prolific writer on the comparative history of world religions. In addition to the history of Christianity, he published on the native religions of Central America (about which he gave the 1884 Hibbert Lectures), Chinese religion and the history of the idea of the Devil. What follows is from one such Hibbert Lecture, “On the Origin and Growth of Religion as Illustrated by the Native Religions of Mexico and Peru”.
As an expression of the Mexica (Aztec genius) it is a noble overview, although the evidence tends to the Mexica having a more artistic and cultural inclination than he gives them credit for.