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Month of Xocotlhuetzi

This month is called Fall of fruit or Hueymiccaihuitl (Great feast of the dead) and was commemorated by a ceremonial pole-climbing competition. This month was dedicated to Xocotl, the Aztec god of fire and the stars (also called Otontecuhtli whose cult was especially developed among the Tepanec tribes). Teocuitlanacochtli are associated with worship of the god, Xipe Tótec.

Month of Tepeilhuitl

This month, identified as that of Luke the Evangelist, is called Festival of the hills. This month was dedicated to Tlaloc, the god of rain, but the headdress of the head upon the mountain resembles that of Xochiquetzal (Flower feather), goddess of the earth, love, artists, pregnant women, and the moon who is sometimes named the wife of Tlaloc.

Codex Borbonicus

Amátl is a type of bark paper that has been manufactured in Mexico since pre-contact times.  It was used primarily to create codices, being extensively produced and used for both communication, record keeping, and ritual during the heyday of the Triple Alliance (the Aztec Confederacy).  The Codex Borbonicus is a rare surviving Codex produced on this medium.

Sun Stone

The great Aztec Sun Stone was unearthed in Mexico in 1790 by accident and remains one of the most remarkable vestiges of the Aztec Empire ever found.  When the viceroy had ordered repairs to the paving of the great Plaza Mayor to improve the drainage in the front of the cathedral, workmen had struck a large stone below the surface, almost in front of the viceroy’s palace. The Stone, a solid piece of gray-black basalt, measured twelve feet across and was almost three feet thick, and weighed about twenty-four tons.

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