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The Popol Vuh

An account of the Popol Vuh, written by Lewis Spence.  The full name of the work is “The Mythic and Heroic Sagas of the Kichés of Central America”.

The Popol Vuh is a the mythological and quasi-historical account of the K’iche’ people who inhabit the Guatemalan Highlands northwest of present-day Guatemala City. This version of the Popol Vuh is from the 1908 edition and is in the public domain.

A Song of Huexotzinco

The inhabitants of Huexotzinco are thought to have in frequent warfare with those of Mexico-Tenochtitlan in ritual flowery wars.  The purpose of these battles was to capture prisoners rather than conquest.  The poem that follows is spoken through the voice of one of those captured prisoners of the Mexica, held captive in Tlatilolco, one of the suburbs of Tenochtitlan.

The tone of the poem is one of despair and hatred against his captors with a suggestion of a thirst for vengeance.  

Month of Xocotlhuetzi

This month is called Fall of fruit or Hueymiccaihuitl (Great feast of the dead) and was commemorated by a ceremonial pole-climbing competition. This month was dedicated to Xocotl, the Aztec god of fire and the stars (also called Otontecuhtli whose cult was especially developed among the Tepanec tribes). Teocuitlanacochtli are associated with worship of the god, Xipe Tótec.


Texcatlipoca, or “Smoking Mirror,” was an omnipresent and omnipotent god, the god of the night sky and memory.  Here he carries the same shield as Huitzilopochtli, the god of the sun and war. The volutes on his temple represent butterflies or fallen soldiers. White feathers were placed in the hair of sacrificial victims.

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