Auitzotl, or Ahuitzol (reigned 1486-1502), the eighth Aztec emperor, son of Moctezuma (or Montezuma) and brother of Axayácatl and Tizoc, enlarged the Aztec empire to its greatest size. A ruthless military leader, he suppressed a Huastec rebellion and more than doubled the size of lands under Aztec dominance. He conquered the Mixtecs, Zapotecs, Tarascans, and others down to the western part of Guatemala.
Avendaño’s Relacion is of very great value as a first-hand account of the conquest of the Itzas. But we must not lose sight of the fact that that same Relación is also a wonderful, though unconscious, testimony to the piety, unselfishness, and bravery of the writer. Undoubtedly the priests of the Roman Catholic Church did many unjust things during the period of Spanish domination in so called New Spain, but their good works dwarfed the infamy. Avendaño was a type of the best sort of priest in the New Spain, pushed by no other motive than sheer faith and an ardent desire to do the duty of his office, he went through the events which we will leave him to relate.
A “spring song” in which the distinguished warriors of Netzahualcoyotl are compared to precious stones. The original is said to have been written down by Don Fernando de Avila, governor of Tlalmanalco, from the mouth of Don Juan de Aguilar, governor of Cultepec, a direct descendant of Netzahualcoyotl.
Martin Ingham Townsend (February 6, 1810 – March 8, 1903) was an American lawyer and politician from New York. The work that follows explores the idea that the civilizations in the Americas had contact with the world of Europe, particularly through the sailors of Carthage and other Phoenician cities.
The speculation presented in this lecture have grains of truth. A look of early diffusionist history theories.
Compiled by Adolph Francis Alphonse Bandelier (August 6, 1840 – March 18, 1914), a Swiss-born American archaeologist who particularly explored the indigenous cultures of the American Southwest, Mexico and South America. He immigrated to the United States with his family as a youth and made his life there, abandoning the family business to study in the new fields of archeology and ethnology.
Bandelier National Monument in New Mexico, was named for him, as his studies established the significance of this area in the Jemez Mountains for archeological and historic preservation of sites of Ancestral Puebloans, dating to two eras from 1150 to 1600 CE.
The list that follows, with selected biographies, was presented at the Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, October 21, 1880.